All measurements of intact leaf 02 sensitivity can be explained by the oxygenation model for glycolate formation and glycolate metabolism by established pathways. Predicting the rate of oxygenation from the underlying biochemistry is more reliable than calculating the rate of oxygenation from intact leaf gas exchange measurements. REFERENCES 1. Badger MR, TD Sharkey, S von Caemmerer: The relationship between steady-state gas exchange of bean leaves and the levels of carbon reduction cycle intermediates. Planta 160:305-313, 1984. 2. Bowes, G, WL Ogren, RH Hageman: Phosphoglycolate production catalyzed by ribulose diphosphate carboxylase. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 45:716-722, 1971. 3. Farquhar GD, S von Caemmerer, JA Berry: A biochemical model of photosynthetic C02 assimilation in leaves of C3 species. Planta 149: 78-90, 1980. 4. Farquhar GD, S von Caemmerer: Modelling of photosynthetic response to environmental conditions. In OL Lange, PS Nobel, CB Osmond, H Ziegler, eds, Encycl. of Plant Physiol., New Series, Springer- Verlag, Heidelberg 12b: 549-587, 1982. 5. Jordan DB, WL Ogren: The C02/02 specificity of ribulose 1- bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Dependence on ribulose bisphosphate concentration, pH and temperature. Planta 161: 308-313, 1984. 6. Ku SB, GE Edwards: Oxygen inhibition of photosynthesis. I. Temperature dependence and relation to 02/C02 solubility ratio. Plant Physiol 59: 986-990, 1977. 7. Laing WA, WL Ogren, RL Hageman: Regulation of soybean net photosynthetic C02 fixation by the interaction of C02' 02 and ribulose l,5-diphosphate carboxylase. Plant Physiol 54: 678-685, 1974.
Simple chemistry governs a host of the exotic objects that populate our cosmos. For example, molecules in the early Universe acted as natural temperature regulators, keeping the primordial gas cool and, in turn, allowing galaxies and stars to form. What are the tools of the trade for the cosmic chemist and what can they teach us about the Universe we live in? These are the questions answered in this engaging and informative guide--the first book for nonspecialists on molecular astrophysics. In clear, nontechnical terms, and without formal mathematics, Hartquist and Williams show how to study and understand the behavior of molecules in a host of astronomical situations. Readers will learn about the secretive formation of stars deep within interstellar clouds; the origin of our own solar system; the cataclysmic deaths of many massive stars that explode as supernovae; and the hearts of active galactic nuclei, the most powerful objects in the universe. This book provides an accessible introduction to a wealth of astrophysics, and an understanding of how cosmic chemistry allows the investigation of many of the most exciting questions concerning astronomy today.
The book discusses instrumentation and control in modern fossil fuel power plants, with an emphasis on selecting the most appropriate systems subject to constraints engineers have for their projects. It provides all the plant process and design details, including specification sheets and standards currently followed in the plant. Among the unique features of the book are the inclusion of control loop strategies and BMS/FSSS step by step logic, coverage of analytical instruments and technologies for pollution and energy savings, and coverage of the trends toward filed bus systems and integration of subsystems into one network with the help of embedded controllers and OPC interfaces. The book includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow, level, etc of a typical 250/500 MW thermal power plant. Appropriate for project engineers as well as instrumentation/control engineers, the book also includes tables, charts, and figures from real-life projects around the world.
The European Collaborative Programme on Materials for Gas Turbines known as COST-50 was initiated in 1971 and has been supported since then by the Commission of European Communities. The achievements made during the first phase of COST-50 were reviewed at the Conference held in Liege, September 25-27, 1978 and published by Applied Science Publishers Ltd. Nine European Countries : Austria, Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the Joint Research Center of the Community, agreed to continue their participation in COST-50 and the results of the second phase were presented at the Conference held in Liege, October 4-6, 1982 under the following headings : - Corrosion and Coatings - Fatigue, Creep and Structural Stability - Processing The technical sessions consisted of invited papers reviewing recent progress in the development of high temperature alloys with particular emphasis on the results of the European Collaborative Programme. Furthermore, some areas were reviewed by eminent speakers from the United States of America, due to their expertise in their respective fields. In this context and as a tradition introduced in 1978, the keynote lecture "Superalloys technology : today and tomorrow" was del ivered by Dr. F. L. Versnyder. The Conference was completed with a significant Poster Session comprising about fifty contributions from Europe and elsewhere. This book comprises a total of fifty four contributions representing almost all of the papers delivered at the technical sessions and a large part of the presentations made at the Poster Session.
This book provides a thorough treatment of the performance modeling strategies and control algorithms required for the design and use of information-gathering autonomous agents comprised of unmanned vehicles equipped with multiple sensors, computing, and communication devices. These agents are becoming vital to a variety of applications in environmental monitoring, industrial monitoring, ecology, security and defense. The use of unmanned vehicles has changed the way in which these communities perform sensing over large spaces.
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