Simple chemistry governs a host of the exotic objects that populate our cosmos. For example, molecules in the early Universe acted as natural temperature regulators, keeping the primordial gas cool and, in turn, allowing galaxies and stars to form. What are the tools of the trade for the cosmic chemist and what can they teach us about the Universe we live in? These are the questions answered in this engaging and informative guide--the first book for nonspecialists on molecular astrophysics. In clear, nontechnical terms, and without formal mathematics, Hartquist and Williams show how to study and understand the behavior of molecules in a host of astronomical situations. Readers will learn about the secretive formation of stars deep within interstellar clouds; the origin of our own solar system; the cataclysmic deaths of many massive stars that explode as supernovae; and the hearts of active galactic nuclei, the most powerful objects in the universe. This book provides an accessible introduction to a wealth of astrophysics, and an understanding of how cosmic chemistry allows the investigation of many of the most exciting questions concerning astronomy today.
The book discusses instrumentation and control in modern fossil fuel power plants, with an emphasis on selecting the most appropriate systems subject to constraints engineers have for their projects. It provides all the plant process and design details, including specification sheets and standards currently followed in the plant. Among the unique features of the book are the inclusion of control loop strategies and BMS/FSSS step by step logic, coverage of analytical instruments and technologies for pollution and energy savings, and coverage of the trends toward filed bus systems and integration of subsystems into one network with the help of embedded controllers and OPC interfaces. The book includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow, level, etc of a typical 250/500 MW thermal power plant. Appropriate for project engineers as well as instrumentation/control engineers, the book also includes tables, charts, and figures from real-life projects around the world.
All measurements of intact leaf 02 sensitivity can be explained by the oxygenation model for glycolate formation and glycolate metabolism by established pathways. Predicting the rate of oxygenation from the underlying biochemistry is more reliable than calculating the rate of oxygenation from intact leaf gas exchange measurements. REFERENCES 1. Badger MR, TD Sharkey, S von Caemmerer: The relationship between steady-state gas exchange of bean leaves and the levels of carbon reduction cycle intermediates. Planta 160:305-313, 1984. 2. Bowes, G, WL Ogren, RH Hageman: Phosphoglycolate production catalyzed by ribulose diphosphate carboxylase. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 45:716-722, 1971. 3. Farquhar GD, S von Caemmerer, JA Berry: A biochemical model of photosynthetic C02 assimilation in leaves of C3 species. Planta 149: 78-90, 1980. 4. Farquhar GD, S von Caemmerer: Modelling of photosynthetic response to environmental conditions. In OL Lange, PS Nobel, CB Osmond, H Ziegler, eds, Encycl. of Plant Physiol., New Series, Springer- Verlag, Heidelberg 12b: 549-587, 1982. 5. Jordan DB, WL Ogren: The C02/02 specificity of ribulose 1- bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Dependence on ribulose bisphosphate concentration, pH and temperature. Planta 161: 308-313, 1984. 6. Ku SB, GE Edwards: Oxygen inhibition of photosynthesis. I. Temperature dependence and relation to 02/C02 solubility ratio. Plant Physiol 59: 986-990, 1977. 7. Laing WA, WL Ogren, RL Hageman: Regulation of soybean net photosynthetic C02 fixation by the interaction of C02' 02 and ribulose l,5-diphosphate carboxylase. Plant Physiol 54: 678-685, 1974.
High Temperature Lubrication is based on a study of lubrication at high temperatures, the need for which was highlighted by a survey of engineers in industry.<br> <br> One of the first difficulties in discussing high temperature lubrication is the problem of defining what is a high temperature. In the context of grease lubrication, high temperature problems can arise at any temperature over 130?C; for the lubrication of vehicle engines, sump temperatures over 150?C are probably too high; solid lubrication of ceramics can be successful up to 100?C. It follows, then, that for the engineers and technologist for whom this book is written, a working definition for 'high temperature' can be taken to mean any temperature high enough to cause problems which would not arise at lower temperatures.<br> <br> The aim of this book is to provide, in a simple form which can be easily understood by non-specialists, information which is of value to engineers faced with problems of lubrication at high temperatures, whether those temperatures are less than 140?C or greater than 1000?C. The various topics have been described in sufficient detail to enable an engineer to understand the factors involved in solving a high temperature lubrication problem without unnecessary complication.
This book proposes a common sense approach to Gun Control. The recommendations represent the middle ground in the controversy over how guns should be regulated and recommends changes to laws concerning guns. The author is a life long gun owner, professional engineer, former licensed gunsmith, and holds a Federal Firearms License.
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